1. Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment. Most of its leaders are based abroad. Currently, PULO has a policy of targeting those it views as collaborators and associates of the Thai government, such as teachers, civil servants, soldiers and policemen. Bandera de Pattani.svg 540 × 354; 6 KB. Its stated aims are to secede from Thailand through military and political means, and to create a state named Patani Darul Makrif (Pattani, Land of Good Deeds). The first faction set up the PULO Leadership Council with a symbol of a dagger crossing with a sword as its logo. PULO considers itself to be continuing the independence struggle of the northernmost Malay sultanate after it declared its independence following the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767, though in fact it was reconquered by the Thais just 18 years later. Flag of the Pattani United Liberation Organisation (1968-1989).svg 600 × 360; 2 KB. GTD ID DATE COUNTRY CITY PERPETRATOR GROUP FATALITIES INJURED TARGET TYPE; 201601280052: 2016-01-28: Thailand: Bo Thong: Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) Thailand wishes to reduce the role of the Patani United Liberation Organisation (PULO) and Revolutionary National Front (BRN) while at the same time giving credit to the RKK (small and mobile combat units). You can try TRAC for 7 days with this trial. True _____ see themselves as the only "true" Muslims, and they have assumed the authority to denounce fellow Muslims "heretics" if they disagree with the theology. Its goal is to create an independent Islamic state from the current Thai provinces of Pattani, Narathiwat, Yala, and Satun. The Bertubuhan Perpaduan Pembebasan Pattani (PPPP), also known as the Patani United Liberation Organization (PULO), was established in 1968 and is considered the most influential Muslim separatist armed organization in the south. 3. As a courtesy to private researchers, TRAC offers a discounted rate to individuals who are subscribing from a personal email address and paying with a personal credit/debit card. Copyright © 2021 TRAC - All rights reserved. If you choose to subscribe at the end of the trial, the trial cost will be deducted from the price of your subscription. The Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) is synonymous with the Thai separatist movement and is the largest and most active. The Library has obtained permission for the use of many materials in the Collection, and presents additional materials for educational and research purposes in accordance with fair use under United States copyright law. PULO was founded in 1968 reportedly around the leadership of Kabir Abdul Rahman (Bira Kotanila), a Patani Malay scholar,[1] who served as its chairman until his death in 2008. Scholars have traditionally argued that Islamist terrorist groups tend to commit higher casualty attacks. In southern Thailand, Muslim separatists of the New Pattani United Liberation Organization conducted a series of bombings in January. The Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) is synonymous with the Thai separatist terrorist movement and is the largest and most active. The second faction set up the PULO Army Command Council. There are some with the opinion that external presence would be interfering with the internal affairs of Thailand but we believe that since Patani is under colonial occupation and its people are struggling to regain their right of self-determination this would not be the case. Even when Patani fell under the yoke of Siam in … The organisation carries out car bombs, road side bombs and drive-by shootings targeting Thai military and police, whom they see as legitimate targets, but also has struck at civilain targets as well. However, Songkla Province was never part of the Sultanate of Patani, is only about 30% Muslim and is mainly Thai speaking, while Satun actually was part of Kedah, uses a different Malay dialect and has shown virtually no support for separation from Thailand. In the first stage the government of Thailand should award the Patani area (The regions which includes Pattani, Narathiwat, Jala, Setun and five districts in the province of Sonkla) special status. They use four stars on their flag and is led by Abu Yasir Fikri a long time respected leader of PULO since its inception. Объединенная Организация Освобождения Паттани (Pattani United Liberation Organization PULO) выступает за отсоединение области от Таиланда и присоединение к Малайзии. This group, along with others, is currently fighting for the independence of Thailand's predominantly Malay Muslim south. The Patani United Liberation Organization (PULO) was probably founded by Kabir Abdul Rahman (Bira Kotanila), an Islamic Malay scholar in 1968, and currently targets people it views as collaborators with the Thai government. The Pattani National Liberation Front (PNLF) was established in 1959. By late 1992, the organisation had split into three factions. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO), also known as PULO, Patani United Liberation Organization is an active group formed c. 1968. None of the above mentioned languages (except Jawi) is taught using the Thai script. I made the following changes: These Thai government autocracy causes the emerged of various resistance group; among other is Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) which established in 1968. This project is sponsored by … PULO's platform is highlighted by its Islamic nationalist goals, calling the Thai presence in Pattani "a colonisation" and an "illegal occupation." New Pattani United Liberation Organization, also known as New PULO is an active group formed c. 1995. The Five star PULO is differentiated from Four star PULO on the basis of their flag, which contains five stars. Liow, Joseph Chinyong. Consequently, the Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) has been fighting for years for the proclamation of an independent Muslim state, causing the militarization of the area. 5. The National Revolution Front ( Barasi Revolusi Nasional- BRN ) was established on March 13, 1960. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information. They are currently the political representatives by popular consent of GMIP and active military fractions of BRN, RKK and other separatist groups. File:Flag of the Pattani United Liberation Organisation (1968-1989).svg File:Flag of the Pattani United Liberation Organisation (1989-2005).svg File:Flag of the Pattani United Liberation Organisation (2005-present).svg The name of its armed unit is called "Kasdan Army." Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. PULO was set up by Tuanku Biyo Kodoniyo on 22 March 1968. The Thai government has used the groups to create legitimacy around its initiated projects such as TASKFORCE. As a result, Dr. Arong Muleng decided to split his group from the movement to set up a new organisation called "PULO 88", while the other group led by Haji Abdul Rahman named its armed unit as "Pulo Keris" (Dagger Pulo). It is believed the group may have enough influence and trust to be able to enforce agreements with the Thai government and end violence against the military and militia from different separatist groups, if negotiations continue to be held between them. Recognition of Islamic law in the Islamic Malay Patani, especially in the field of civil law since the majority of the people are Muslim. The name of its armed unit is called "Kasdan Army." PULO was set up by Tuanku Biyo Kodoniyo on 22 March 1968. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. The first faction was headed by Dr. Arong Muleng while the second one was led by Haji Hadi Bin Ghazali. "The Security Situation in, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Patani_United_Liberation_Organisation?oldid=4537492. The Terrorism Incident Database defines and categorizes terrorist attacks in order to help analysts, policymakers, and practitioners understand general threat trends. Thailand is trying to implement teaching in the Malay language in one school in each state but with the Thai alphabet. organized armed resistance conducted by groups such as the Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO, formed 1968) and Barisan Revolusi Nasional (BRN, formed 1960) in southern Thailand and the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF, formed 1972) in southern Philippines—in recent times it appears to have taken on a decidedly reli- They are a newly established group formed 2005 and is mostly known by their frequent presence in Thai media often confused with four star PULO as they share the same name. There is no contradiction in the policy of education in Thailand to allow the use of Jawi scripture as foreign language education in Thailand allows for English and French to be taught using the Latin alphabet, while the Japanese and the Chinese languages are taught using their own letters. The Islamic state proposed by PULO would cover the areas they claim were historically ruled by the Sultanate of Pattani, which it says consist of Pattani, Narathiwat, Yala, Songkhla and Satun provinces in present-day Thailand. For multiple users rates contact TRAC. PULO - Patani United Liberation Organization 177 were donated in May This month, we are on track to donate 184 home recent additions webmaster page banners feed a child In 1992, the organization split into three factions. The seco… A third faction that is working according to the original charter of PULO has the largest ground support and is the only group with the diplomatic credibility, political influence and popular support to be able to officially negotiate and represent PULO at the OIC. You are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription. The second faction, also headed by Haji Sama-ae Thanam, has set up the PULO Army Command Council to give support to Kabir Abdul Rahman, the founder of PULO. In 1995, rifts emerged among the core leaders of the new PULO movement. That includes police, teachers and civil servants, who are often targeted in drive-by shootings and roadside bombings. The first faction set up the PULO Leadership Council. Separatist / New Regime Nationalist / Ethnic Nationalist, Political Responses to Terrorism: Kashmir. This is why international intervention in the form of external governments or the United Nations is necessary. Паттани – провинция на юге Таиланда. TRAC is a subscription-based service. This group, along with others, is currently fighting for the independence of Thailand 's predominantly Malay Muslim south. Pattani United Liberation Organization (malajiska: Pertubuhan Pembebasan Bersatu Patani; förkortat Pulo) är en islamistisk separatistorganisation i södra Thailand vid gränsen mot Malaysia.I provinserna Pattani, Yala och Narathiwat är majoriteten av befolkningen muslimsk och där har en väpnad kamp för självständighet pågått sedan 1960-talet. New Pattani United Liberation Organization (New PULO) New People's Army (NPA) Newts Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force (NDPVF) Niger Delta Vigilante (NDV) Ninjas November's Children Nuclei Armati Comunisti Umma Liberation Army (ULA) Revolutionary Cells-Animal Liberation Brigade Bangkok and Pataya) that’s already been awarded special status has been different in each case. They have however been backed by the centre for humanitarian dialogue - Switzerland based NGO as well as the thai military which has kept it active. In the case of Patani it seems impossible to resolving the issue if it is left entirely in the hands of the Patani people and the Thai Government. The people in the Patani region should have a referendum in the future under international supervision to determine their own destiny, whether they want to remain part of Thailand or achieve independence from Thailand. YOU MUST HAVE A SUBSCRIPTION TO ACCESS THE REST OF THIS CONTENT. The Patani United Liberation Organisation or PULO is one of the active separatist movements calling for an independent Patani. Living as a peaceful nation has become part of the Patani people’s culture as its name denotes “Patani Darussalam”. Terrorist groups • Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) founded by Kabir Abdul Rahman in 1968 currently targets people it views as collaborators with the Thai government. The Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) was formed in India in 1968 to create a Muslim state through armed struggle. By late 1992, the organisation had split into three factions. The court ruled that conflicting eyewitness testimony failed to demonstrate beyond a reasonable doubt that Dastgiri was the driver of the bomb-laden truck. It is necessary that the Malay language is also recognised as the official language in the region and also that the Jawi scripture (using Arabic letters) may be used. The name of its armed unit is called "Kasdan Army." SUBSCRIBE TO UNLOCK THIS CONTENTYou are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription. The group is supported and economically backed and created by the Thai government to gain control over separatist movements and pacify them. The PULO flag has four red and white stripes and a blue rectangle on the upper left with a crescent and a star similar to other Malaysian Malay states. However, the RKK is not an organisation, but small groups moving in the villages which are part of other liberation organisations in Patani. The Government and Parliament should allow greater freedom for Patani to manage its internal affairs. It is based on over 30 years of research by RAND analysts. On 26 July 2009, the president of PULO and the Emir of the Movement of Mujahidin Islam Patani (GMIP), Cikgume Kuteh, made an official agreement to join forces. Its stated aims are to secede from Thailand through military and political means, and to create a state named Patani Darul Makrif (Pattani, Land of Good deeds). Patani United Liberation Organization Muslim separatist organization in Thailand, established in 1968 . The agreement included giving a mandate to president of PULO to speak on behalf of the GMIP on all political issues. During recent years the group has become increasingly visible and been able to show their influence by gathering active separatists and organising them under their political wing, as well as being recognised internationally as representatives of the Patani People.[2][3]. TRAC fully supports academic institutions and provides subscriptions on a reduced rate based on FTE. That includes police, teachers and civil servants, who are often targeted in drive-by shootings and roadside bombings. PULO was founded in 1968 reportedly around the leadership of Kabir Abdul Rahman (Bira Kotanila), a Patani Malay scholar,who served as its chairman until his death in 2008. I have just modified 2 external links on Patani United Liberation Organisation. Therefore external intervention should not be seen as interfering with the internal affairs of Thailand. Recognition of the ethnic Malay in the same way that Thailand acknowledges ethnic Chinese in Thailand. The PULO is a popular organization formed to represent the Malay people of the southern predominantly Malay provinces formerly known as the Malay kingdom of Pattani, fighting against Thai … The Patani United Liberation Organization (also spelled Pattani United Liberation Organisation) or PULO is one of the active separatist movements calling for a free and independent Patani. The Library of Congress is making its Web Archives Collection available for educational and research purposes. The spectrum of violence represented by these groups is vast, from Jihadists who bomb train stations to financial institutions that transfer funds. Four star PULO claims be the most respected and popular separatist group in Patani with the most political clout and a large presence in the area, although little is known about the group as they prefer to stay out of media and work under a policy of silence. The fivestar PULO's flag 2005-present, the defunct PULO fraction where Kasturi is self-appointed spokesperson who lives in Gothenburg. The United States helped Saudi Arabia develop a funding mechanism and underground arms network to supply the Mujahideen during the Soviet-Afghan War. Part of a second wave of more secular separatist groups, this guerilla organization was established in 1968. Please take a moment to review my edit. Signup for our mailing list to receive a free incident report from TRAC. Night Watch: BANGKOK – An unnamed spokesman for the Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) has just given his first interview to a major news organization. Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. Hence, TRAC cannot and does not warrant the accuracy of the entries in its database. Media in category "Patani United Liberation Organization" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. Noting that casualty rates of attacks vary widely across Islamist terrorist groups, this study advances an alternative hypothesis that group organizational features and goal structures better explain differing casualty rates than does the overarching ideological type. 6. The agreement also included a section in which the movements agreed to unite in one military force, the Patani Liberation Army, to be led by the First Deputy Military Commander of the Patani United Liberation Organisation (PULO). The first faction set up the PULO Leadership Council with a symbol of a dagger crossing with a sword as its logo. Its leadership is aging, but it maintains a propaganda campaign through the … The first faction was headed by Dr. Arong Muleng while the second one was led by Haji Hadi Bin Ghazali. A third faction that is working according to the original charter of PULO has the largest ground support and is the only group with the diplomatic credibility, political influence and popular support to be able to officially negotiate and…. This group, along with others, is currently fighting for the independence of Thailand 's predominantly Malay Muslim south. The Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) is synonymous with the Thai separatist movement and is the largest and most active. The Patani United Liberation Organization (PULO) was probably founded by Kabir Abdul Rahman (Bira Kotanila), an Islamic Malay scholar in 1968, and currently targets people it views as collaborators with the Thai government. Right now Thailand does not recognise the Malay ethnicity, which makes it difficult to prove the sincere intention of the Thai government for peaceful coexistence with the Patani people. [4], Pulo's flag used by "Dagger PULO" (1989-2005). The "four star" is becoming increasingly powerful steadily gaining support and loyalty from separatist from different groups forcing different fractions to join their ranks. TRAC is a unique, comprehensive resource for the study of political violence of all kinds. Patani United Liberation OrganizationPULO was the largest and most prominent of the various rebel groups active in southern Thailand between 1960 and 2000. This move would not be in contradiction with the Thai constitution and would be applicable in the case of Patani since the conditions and terms of the regions (i.e. 4. Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO). In 1997, a new Constitution conferred political and religious rights to the Muslims, and … This fraction is mostly represented in the media by Kasturi. The Patani United Liberation Organisation or PULO is one of the active separatist movements calling for a free and independent Patani. . Multiple users within govermental/military, corporate, and media, as well as colleges and universities, receive pro-rated subscription discounts based on the number of users. The editors of TRAC may modify these entries at any time and welcome comments and suggested corrections or additions. 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