... Characteristics of the period . Romanticism is the name given to a dominant movement in literature and the other arts – particularly music and painting – in the the period from the 1770s to the mid-nineteenth century:. Romanticism is an important social, intellectual, as well as a literary movement which began in Western Europe during the 17th century and flourished till the second half of the 18th century. American Romanticism was a literary movement that focused on intuition, imagination, and individualism. These romantics confronted the distinctively American pressures for conformity and definitions of success in terms of money. Romanticism, attitude that characterized works of literature, painting, music, architecture, criticism, and historiography in the West from the late 18th to the mid-19th century. Start studying 5 Characteristics of Romanticism. American Romanticism Resources Websites. Transcendentalism was primarily a religious movement, though influenced by Romanticism. By the beginning of the nineteenth century, Americans had become an independent nation. These and other characteristics arose, to an … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. An Intellectual Movement: Romanticism and Its Characteristics. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Romantic poetry Background. This came from both the democratic changes of the age of revolution, as well as an interest in folk culture. Writers were revolting against the Enlightenment, or Age of Reason, and putting imagination above reason. However, we will call this American romanticism, though it shares many characteristics with British romanticism. Both movements emphasized the individual over tradition and social rules of the time. ROMANTICISM: THE MOVEMENT One of the defining aspects of Romanticism was concern for the common man. IIP Digital: The Romantic Period 1820-1860 This website, published by the U.S. Department of State, gives a great overview of this period in American literary history. Start studying 10 Major Characteristics of American Romanticism. Key historical events and influences . The Walt Whitman Archive This digital database gives us access to all of the works of the great bard of American Romanticism. American Romanticism and Transcendentalism were two philosophical and literary movements that reached their peak of influence at roughly the same time in American history. Romanticism describes an artistic and intellectual movement that started in the latter part of the 18th century and had a powerful effect on many areas of art, literature, music, and thought. The characteristics of Romanticism include a focus on strong emotion, awe of nature, and a break from following rigid structure. AMERICAN ROMANTICISM 1800–1860 AMERICAN ROMANTICISM 1800–1860. 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