Mendelssohn also uses it in his Pianoforte fugues in E minor and B minor, Op. J.S. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!  The counter-exposition in a fugue is separated from the exposition by an episode and is in the same key as the original exposition. Dictionary entry overview: What does fugue mean? The composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525?–1594) wrote masses using modal counterpoint and imitation, and fugal writing became the basis for writing motets as well. These included the fugues for String Quartet, K. 405 (1782) and a Fugue in C Minor K. 426 for two pianos (1783). ], would have come at the end of the Sequentia). 6 and 7 of Bach's 'Art of Fugue'—and then the whole fugue is called 'a fugue by inversion.' , Contrapuntal musical form based on a subject that recurs in imitation, "Fugue [Fr. However, it is the fugue that opens Beethoven's String Quartet in C♯ minor, Op. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). The exposition of the finale of Bruckner's Fifth Symphony begins with a fugal exposition. The later codettas may be considerably longer, and often serve to (a) develop the material heard so far in the subject/answer and countersubject and possibly introduce ideas heard in the second countersubject or free counterpoint that follows (b) delay, and therefore heighten the impact of the reentry of the subject in another voice as well as modulating back to the tonic.. When this interval is inverted ("C" in the upper voice above "G" in the lower), it forms a fourth, considered a dissonance in tonal contrapuntal practice, and requires special treatment, or preparation and resolution, if it is to be used.  Examples include Contrapunctus V through Contrapunctus VII, from Bach's The Art of Fugue.. In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and recurs frequently in the course of the composition. A fugue usually has three main sections: an exposition, a development and a final entry that contains the return of the subject in the fugue's tonic key. ", Fugal passages are also found in the Missa Solemnis and all movements of the Ninth Symphony, except the third. Anything in literature, poetry, film, painting, etc., that resembles a fugue in structure or in its elaborate compl… Definition/History A fugue is a highly evolved form of imitative counterpoint. (music) A contrapuntal piece of music wherein a particular melody is played in a number of voices, each voice introduced in turn by playing the melody. By the beginning of the Romantic era, fugue writing had become specifically attached to the norms and styles of the Baroque. In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject that is introduced at the beginning in imitation and recurs frequently in the course of the composition. Similarly, a triple fugue has three subjects. In the fugues of J.S. This allows the music to run smoothly. 50 No. 95, and No. In some fugues, the exposition will end with a redundant entry, or an extra presentation of the theme. During the course of a permutation fugue, it is quite uncommon, actually, for every single possible voice-combination (or "permutation") of the themes to be heard. It's when you have two (or more) musical lines going on at once. If this new material is reused in later statements of the subject, it is called a countersubject; if this accompanying material is only heard once, it is simply referred to as free counterpoint. The use of this format is generally inspired by Johann Sebastian Bach's two books of preludes and fugues — The Well-Tempered … On their EP of the same name, Vulfpeck has a composition called "Fugue State", which incorporates a fugue between Theo Katzman (guitar), Joe Dart (bass), and Woody Goss (Wurlitzer keyboard).  Mozart studied from this book, and it remained influential into the nineteenth century. Definition of fugue in the Definitions.net dictionary. Middle entries tend to occur at pitches other than the initial. Fugue - Fugue - Varieties of the fugue: Fugues have been composed for every medium and genre, sacred or secular, vocal or instrumental, solo or ensemble. When there is No entrance of the famous examples of Haydn 's most famous fugues can be in. 2. a piece of music consisting of three or more tunes played together: 2. a piece of music of... C. ( 1971 ) the noun fugue has two subjects that are often developed simultaneously music! Making it a choral fugue. 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