[72] However, elections are routinely criticized by opposition groups as unfair and international human rights groups say that media censorship and harassment of political opponents continue. To call from outside Algeria, dial the exit code of the country the call is dialed from, followed by Algeria’s country code of ‘213’, followed by the local phone number. Even if some of them offer instruction in Arabic like areas of law and the economy, most of the other sectors as science and medicine continue to be provided in French and English. To make international telephone calls to Algeria you will need to dial: Exit Country Code + 213 + Area Code + The Number For several centuries Algeria was ruled by the Romans, who founded many colonies in the region. [33], The Barbary pirates preyed on Christian and other non-Islamic shipping in the western Mediterranean Sea. The province with the lowest rate of illiteracy was Algiers Province at 11.6%, while the province with the highest rate was Djelfa Province at 35.5%.[156]. This life, richly depicted in the Tassili n'Ajjer paintings, predominated in Algeria until the classical period. [137] Moreover, Spanish was spoken by these Aragonese and Castillian Morisco descendants deep into the 18th century, and even Catalan was spoken at the same time by Catalan Morisco descendants in the small town of Grish El-Oued. Whole tribes set off with women, children, ancestors, animals and camping equipment. The poor generally receive health care free of charge. In addition, Algeria's external debt is extremely low at about 2% of GDP. [36] The conquest of Algeria by the French took some time and resulted in considerable bloodshed. After nine years of primary school, students can go to the high school or to an educational institution. The University of Abou Bekr Belkaïd in Tlemcen and University of Batna Hadj Lakhdar occupy the 26th and 45th row in Africa.[159]. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the southeast by Niger, to the southwest by Mali, Mauritania, and the Western Saharan territory, to the west by Morocco, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. It clarified that the Algerian government imposed restriction on freedom of the press; expression; and right to peaceful demonstration, protest and assembly as well as intensified censorship of the media and websites. 00: International Access Code for Algeria. During the Middle Ages, North Africa was home to many great scholars, saints and sovereigns including Judah Ibn Quraysh, the first grammarian to mention Semitic and Berber languages, the great Sufi masters Sidi Boumediene (Abu Madyan) and Sidi El Houari, and the Emirs Abd Al Mu'min and Yāghmūrasen. The war led to the death of hundreds of thousands of Algerians and hundreds of thousands of injuries. Most of the coastal area is hilly, sometimes even mountainous, and there are a few natural harbours. The development of the tourism sector in Algeria had previously been hampered by a lack of facilities, but since 2004 a broad tourism development strategy has been implemented resulting in many hotels of a high modern standard being built. At the end of the third year of secondary school, students pass the exam of the baccalaureate, which allows once it is successful to pursue graduate studies in universities and institutes. https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Telephone_numbers_in_Algeria Under Ben Bella, the government had become increasingly socialist and authoritarian; Boumédienne continued this trend. They succeeded in conquering Jijel and Algiers from the Spaniards but eventually assumed control over the city and the surrounding region, forcing the previous ruler, Abu Hamo Musa III of the Bani Ziyad dynasty, to flee. The Zirids, however, were ultimately defeated ushering in an adoption of Arab customs and culture. The country has about 60 islands. 213 : Country Code of Algeria. Some 99% of Algerians living in urban areas, but only 82% of those living in rural areas, had access to "improved sanitation". [3] The President is the head of the army, the Council of Ministers and the High Security Council. [64], During the late 19th and early 20th century; the European share was almost a fifth of the population. Below is a list of the most important Algerian cities: Modern Algerian literature, split between Arabic, Tamazight and French, has been strongly influenced by the country's recent history. Camels are used extensively; the desert also abounds with venomous and nonvenomous snakes, scorpions, and numerous insects. Albert Camus was an Algerian-born French Pied-Noir author. In February 2016, the Algerian constitution passed a resolution that would make Berber an official language alongside Arabic. Shipping Ship All Features Ship Quick & Simple. ", "Vísindavefurinn: Hvað gerðist í Tyrkjaráninu? Between the Nile and the Red Sea were living Bedouin tribes expelled from Arabia for their disruption and turbulent influence, both Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaym among others, whose presence disrupted farmers in the Nile Valley since the nomads would often loot. [94] These restrictions are just starting to be lifted off recently although questions about Algeria's slowly-diversifying economy remain. Despite some amendments in 2005 that improved women’s access to divorce and child custody, Algeria’s Family Code still discriminates against … After 1689, the right to select the dey passed to the divan, a council of some sixty nobles. This change enabled Bouteflika to stand for re-election in the 2009 presidential elections, and he was re-elected in April 2009. Instead, a group of unelected civilian and military "décideurs" ("deciders"), known as "le pouvoir" ("the power"), actually rule the country, even deciding who should be president. each country has his owm number to identify this area. How to call Algeria from United States: 011 - United States exit code to dial first when calling international 213 - Algerian country code must be dialed next 011 + 213 + Local Number - Overall dialing code format Oil extraction facilities were nationalised. The capital of Algeria is Algiers. ISO-3166 Alpha-2. During this time, only Kabylia resisted, the Kabylians were not colonized until after the Mokrani revolt in 1871. In the Sahara region, some oases have palm trees. Giving incentives and rewarding best performers, as well as offering funds in a faster and more flexible manner, are the two main principles underlying the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) that came into force in 2014. [94] Fiscal policy in 2011 remained expansionist and made it possible to maintain the pace of public investment and to contain the strong demand for jobs and housing. There are several UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Algeria[124] including Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad, the first capital of the Hammadid empire; Tipasa, a Phoenician and later Roman town; and Djémila and Timgad, both Roman ruins; M'Zab Valley, a limestone valley containing a large urbanized oasis; and the Casbah of Algiers, an important citadel. ?? [63] Many Europeans settled in Oran and Algiers, and by the early 20th century they formed a majority of the population in both cities. In general, the country exported $73 billion worth of commodities while it imported $46 billion. [118] It also ranks 16th in oil reserves. [122] In 2016 Algeria used 2.4 global hectares of biocapacity per person - their ecological footprint of consumption. [120], Access to biocapacity in Algeria is lower than world average. This period had also known Augustine of Hippo, Nonius Marcellus and Martianus Capella, among many others. 213 – Country Code for Algeria. Algeria Information: Algeria on Wikipedia. [148] Colloquial Algerian Arabic is spoken by about 72% of the population and Berber by 27–30%. [85] In recent years, many of these generals have died, retired, or been imprisoned. [108] Algeria's currency is the dinar (DZD). "Islamic Politics and the Military – Algeria 1962–2008". The Algerian Football Federation is an association of Algeria football clubs organizing national competitions and international matches of the selection of Algeria national football team. [17] Tools of this era, starting about 30,000 BC, are called Aterian (after the archaeological site of Bir el Ater, south of Tebessa). In total, the population of the country reaches 40.4 million inhabitants. Playing cards, checkers and chess games are part of Algerian culture. The cuisine uses cereals as the main products, since they are always produced with abundance in the country. Boumediene's successor, Chadli Bendjedid, introduced some liberal economic reforms. [35], In 1671, the taifa rebelled, killed the agha, and placed one of its own in power. [116], Algeria, whose economy is reliant on petroleum, has been an OPEC member since 1969. Christians, Berber and Latin speakers remained in the great majority in Tunisia until the end of the 9th century and Muslims only became a vast majority some time in the 10th. [22] They did not make any significant settlement on the land, as they were harassed by local tribes. [15][16] Algeria was the site of the highest state of development of Middle Paleolithic Flake tool techniques. Merguez sausage is widely used in Algeria, but it differs, depending on the region and on the added spices. [130], Between 90,000 and 165,000 Sahrawis from Western Sahara live in the Sahrawi refugee camps,[131][132] in the western Algerian Sahara desert. Barbary macaques are the sole native monkey. By the 2nd century BC, several large but loosely administered Berber kingdoms had emerged. 213 - Country Code for Algeria; Phone Number (remove initial 0): fixed - 8 digits including area code; cell phones - 9 digits; VoIP and VSAT phones - 9 digits, first two digits are 98 and 96 respectively; sample call from US to a landline in Algiers: 011 213 21 ?? [80] As early as 2014, scientists were attributing extreme heat waves to climate change in Algeria.[80]. [35] The pirates often took the passengers and crew on the ships and sold them or used them as slaves. In order to punish them the Fatimids sent the Arab Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaym against them. Algeria has invested an estimated 100 billion dinars towards developing research facilities and paying researchers. It was at first dominated by the ojaq; but by the 18th century, it had become the dey's instrument. Total military personnel include 147,000 active, 150,000 reserve, and 187,000 paramilitary staff (2008 estimate). [94] The economy remains very dependent on hydrocarbon wealth, and, despite high foreign exchange reserves (US$178 billion, equivalent to three years of imports), current expenditure growth makes Algeria's budget more vulnerable to the risk of prolonged lower hydrocarbon revenues. In return, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika agreed to buy $7.5 billion worth of combat planes, air-defence systems and other arms from Russia, according to the head of Russia's state arms exporter Rosoboronexport. [90] In the elections, the FLN won 221 seats, the military-backed National Rally for Democracy won 70, and the Islamist Green Algeria Alliance won 47.[90]. Modern music is available in several facets, Raï music is a style typical of western Algeria. The pasha was assisted by janissaries, known in Algeria as the ojaq and led by an agha. [77], The Algerian national oil company is Sonatrach, which plays a key role in all aspects of the oil and natural gas sectors in Algeria. If hydrocarbons are excluded, growth has been estimated at 4.8%. In 1516 the Turkish privateer brothers Aruj and Hayreddin Barbarossa, who operated successfully under the Hafsids, moved their base of operations to Algiers. To Make International Calls to Algeria Dial. Map Center of Algeria. The Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat (GSPC), a splinter group of the Armed Islamic Group, continued a terrorist campaign against the Government. Mohammed Khadda[163] and M'hamed Issiakhem have been notable in recent years.[163]. Algeria has 26 universities and 67 institutions of higher education, which must accommodate a million Algerians and 80,000 foreign students in 2008. In the agricultural sector and services recorded growth of 3 % of the country was considered as the club Sétif. In Sétif and remains a unique style of its kind change. 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