land bridges, it was said that the migration of people in the Malay Archipelago. media museum. things found in nature were full of spirits more powerful than man. as their supreme God. The Pre-Spanish Era Long before the colonizers introduced modern communication The time that the Philippines was under Spanish rule makes up a major part of their history. Thus, before the By that, the Philippines should not have been Spanish territory if not for Ferdinand Magellan chancing upon it in 1521 and by Miguel Lopez Legaspi's establishment of government in 1565. Spirits of dead relatives were also married into another community or if they decided to move. Popular studies believe that the African pygmy population had migrated to the Philippine Islands, 30,000 years ahead of the Austronesian-speaking aboriginals of Taiwan (formerly Formosa and now Republic of China). After them, the islands fell under Spanish suzerainty for more than three centuries. The barong tagalog and the terno are Philippine interpretations of Spanish dress made to fit the humid climate of the Philippines. Although geographically part of Southeast Asia, the country is culturally strongly Euro-American. FBbox/https://www.facebook.com/dancepinoy. class of Datus, Rajahs and their families. When the Spaniards came to the Philippines in the 16th century, they brought with them the Spanish religion and European arts and culture. and a thriving culture. A datu with power over a large area Across the country, from Luzon to Mindanao, are small A noted Portuguese dancer-impresario from the Spanish times, Don Jose Zarah, carried on into the ’60s at the Clover Theater. Fashion and Cultural Traditions. It features communication and mass media luminaries, media trends, ICT policies, and electronic display of communication artifacts and landmarks. There were lesser gods and goddesses, like for death, Throughout most Another was the fandango that was re-styled as pandanggo -- a dance that was once prescribed in Spain by Rome, it rivaled the jota in popularity. – The timawa class Early Filipinos Before the Spanish bravery and heroism. The Pre Colonial Filipino Dances Let us watch a video!!! This folk dance is native to the Tagalogs. Here are the examples: a. Kundiman c. Ang Dalit o Imno b. Kumintang o Tagumpay d. harvest, nature gods, and the likes of paganism. between the thighs leaving the legs and thighs bare. They left their mark probably more so than any other foreign nation to which the Philippines was subjected.Spain was one of the … The Datu is a leader, a mediator in disputes, Cakewalk buck-and-wing skirt-dance Clog Tap and soft-shoe By: Sem. Sanctioning this, the Roman Catholic Church played umpire to disputing nations by subdividing their playing fields. Philippine dance has played a tremendous role in Filipino culture. This group was later followed by many others in the universities, such as Far Eastern University, University of the East, Philippine Women's University (Bayanihan Philippine Dance Company), Philippine Normal University (Baranggay Folk Dance Troupe), and in today's Ramon Obusan Folkloric Group, Leyte Kalipayan Dance Troupe, U.P. Many of these dances would have been obscured with the influx of American influence at the turn of the Century. The conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi founded the first Spanish settlement in Cebu in 1565, and later established Manila as the capital of the Spanish East Indies in 1571. Intensively, the Filipinos combined several of these dances, so that the Polkabal and the Jotabal are noted examples. During those times the Philippines already have an indigenous art tradition that is unique and rich. where trade is mostly done and are mostly comprised of 30 to 100 families. chiefs and were commonly founded near the areas where there’s a nearby sea themes like love, war, labor, religion and death. Aside from modifying ritual, occupational and imitative dances, the Spaniards brought in their own dances. It is fortunate Meanwhile, Aquino's volumes on these dances (and those of her followers) are still prime references for these troupes and in dance instruction in schools in the Philippines. - This comprises The Philippine mythology and Folklore,is characterized during pre-spanish period by LEGENDS,FOLKTALES,EPIC,FOLKSONG,EPIGRAMS,RIDDLES,CHANT,PROVERBS and SAYINGS.These literary works during pre-spanish period guide us to our everyday life,we used that literary works in order us to know how to carry out our everyday life.It help us to enhanced … Folk songs are one of the oldest forms of Philippine literature that emerged in the pre-Spanish period. Some aspects of the pre-colonial period have survived into our time. Fem... Paypay de Manila (Manila Folding Fan) is a dance of Spanish influence. called a Rajah or Datu. In that way, the blase proliferated in dances for religious feasts, wedding and other social occasions. were free commoners of Luzon and the Visayas who could own their own land and These seem to be the counterparts of the present saints, to whom Filipinos Culture and traditions were passed on during community gathering through stories, songs, chants, music, and dance. Disease or illness was attributed to the whims of the environmental spirits and It was also believed that CIVILISATION IN THE PHILIPPINES BEFORE THE SPANISH CONQUEST The history of the Philippine Islands is divided into three periods: the period prior to the Spanish conquest in 1531, the period under the Spanish rule from 1531-1898, and the period un­ der the American rule which began in 1898. They generally have the same rights and of every tribe and reflections of their sentiments and beliefs in the spirits, Also part of native One of these is DANCE. Spain restructured the Filipino's lives in terms of politics, economics, religion and culture. - These were The more tattoos and impressive design one has, the more Down to the research of Francisca Reyes Aquino, dances that did not have Western harmony were provided melodic accessibility, as in Pandanggo sa Ilaw and Subli. features the history and evolution of communication in the Philippines. Outside of the direct Spanish territory came the Polish mazurka, the Czech polka, the Scottish schottische (renamed as escotis), and the French quadrille dances, like the rigaudon (turned into rigodon), pas de quatre (into pasakat) and lancers (into lanceros). Starting at the University of the Philippines under the presidency of Jorge Bocobo, Aquino went out into the field and renewed the life of these dances through a folk dance group. Even before the Spaniards came, our ancestors had a very rich and colorful culture. The sagigilid,; however, could buy his freedom in gold. With improved transportation, the Philippines became part of the big international circuit. Balse , Carinosa , Chotis , Habanera , Jota , Mazurka , Pandanggo , Paseo , Philippine Folk Dance , Polka , Rigodon , Surtido , The Spanish Colonial Tradition in Philippine Dance. His Compania Infantil de Baile performed standard European dances in his choreographic mode. greatest influence in the forms of the writing system which became known as Baybayin Testaments to the ability to the pre-Spanish Filipino’s abilities are The Philippine Islands are named after King Philip. Sacrifices were offered to all of them. Let’s take a look at how the history of Philippine theatre has evolved. This hispanization pervaded even the musical and choreographic practices of the people. Islam came to the the origin of Pintados. skirt. the master, had no property, and could not marry without the master’s consent. A noted troupe of young dancers was formed by the Italian maestro Appiani. Philippines - Philippines - Cultural life: Philippine society is a unique blend of diversity and homogeneity. those purchased, and punished criminals. Other famous figures were Praxedes "Yeyeng" Fernandez (noted for her pandanggo and the condemned can-can in Pascual Bailon), Venancia Suzarra, Juana "Titay" Molina, Eulalia "Lalyang" Hernandez, Concepcion Cananea ("the songbird of Cebu") and to our time, Honorata "Atang" de la Rama. The early Filipinos They did not wear footwear but adorned themselves with jewels and SOCIOLOGY IN THE PHILIPPINES GEORGE H. WEIGHTMAN Herbert H. Lbhman College, New York International Review of Modern Sociology 1987, Vol. Philippine Dance in the Spanish Period Dance Pinoy. Contributory to the people's eventual surrender was an ongoing armed struggle against Spain. achievements one made. Spanish music-theater further popularized the European dances. The Dugso (also  D... La Jota Cagayana originated from Enrile, Cagayan. Describe the Filipino culture during pre-colonial (Ancient times) compared to Spanish colonization. These are scattered across the archipelago and are governed by a village chief In the Visayas, an alipin was called To them, they are a symbol of bravery and are displayed Still others were the paseo and the pateado (from zapateado). The Spanish Era in the Philippines When European traders, in search for a new route to the Spice Islands, stumbled into the Philippine archipelago in 1521, they found the people living in a comparatively high state of civilization. Philippine pre-colonial society is both different and the same as in the present. The dances below were also some of the folk dances with Spanish influence not only with their movements and with the dance steps, but also with the costumes and music used in every dance. the archeological finds like the Laguna Copperplate Inscription and Calatagan The women also wore two pieced garments-baro or camisa for the upper part and saya or patadyong as the A step so common in many dances is the waltz, such as that found in the Cariñosa, Sayaw Santa Isabel, etc. bronze, wood and bamboo. However, there are no records of the African pigmy tribes’ medium of communication. and was responsible for the welfare of the people within his jurisdiction. clay pot. The pre-Spanish History of Philippines: The Philippines is an … The Spanish Colonial Tradition in Philippine Dance. In 1901, the Lilliputians graced the Zorilla with “ballet girls”. They are fond of making intricate designs using piña and abaca. Pre-Hispanic The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. Aliping Sagigilid - those who are living with The scope of this article covers all the academic and applied areas in communica-tion, although more emphasis may have been given to mass media especially journalism and communication education. Dance tells a story Dance was a celebration of an event Singkil (from the Maranao) Salip (from Kalinga) Thanksgiving The Periods in Philippine Music Thursday, November 5, 2009. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol). ornaments. Estudiantina - this is a lively dance which originates from … Forces of assimilation have constantly worked to overcome cultural differences between the various ethnic groups that are scattered—sometimes in relative … Ancient songs were sung with various emotions with Philippine Dance during American Period 1. kingdoms, Sultanantes and Rajahnates. SPANISH PERIOD CHARACTERISTICS. The attires that our ancestors wore are also Aside from creating their own versions of European fashion, Philippine aristocrats created Filipino adaptations of European dance as well. Filipinos also revered idols, called anitos in Tagalog and diwata in Visayan. Spaniards came, the Philippines already have a community and political system Pre-Spanish Period The Philippines is the only country in Southeast Asia that was subjected to Western colonization before it had the opportunity to develop either a centralized government ruling over a large territory or a dominant culture. From one of the oldest dated dances called the Tinikling, to other folkloric dances such as the Pandanggo, Cariñosa, and Subli, and even to more modern-day dances like the ballet, it is no doubt that dance in the Philippine setting has integrated itself in society over the course of many years and is significantly imbedded in culture. Sanctioning this, the Roman Catholic Church played umpire to disputing nations by subdividing their playing fields. The smallest units of their community when the Spaniards were able to unite diverse kinship groups (Rodriguez, 1998). The most popular was the jota, later taking on numerous regional variations. Spain had control of the Philippines for more than 300 years, so it’s no surprise that there are many Filipino customs, traditions, and cultural norms that can be traced back to the Spanish. Many of these have 12 syllables. In that way, the blase proliferated in dances for religious feasts, wedding and other social occasions. According to early chronicles, pre-historic dramas consisted of three elements – myth, mimesis, and spectacle. 12:00 AM European imperial ambitions spread to the Orient. Philippines as early as the 13. Pavon (Las antiguas leyendas de la isla de Negros) during the Spanish period Fay-Cooper Cole (Traditions of the Tinguian, 1915), Mable Cook Cole (Philippine Folk Tales, 1916), and Dean S. Fansler (Filipino Popular Tales, 1921) during the early part of the American regime, and some Filipino and American antropologists and folklorists in more recent times, many of … Part and saya or patadyong as the skirt proliferated in dances for religious feasts, and... Zaragosa Cano praised the diva Patrocinio Carvajal ( daughter of Patrocinio Tagaroma ) as `` Diosa del.! A step so common in many dances is the waltz, such as that found in were! Through stories, songs, chants, music, and electronic display of communication another! Was the jota, later taking on numerous regional variations, Don Jose,. 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