// FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown if(pl_p) "[88] Most Islamic schools of thought restricted concubinage to a relationship where the female slave was required to be monogamous to her master,[89] (though the master's monogamy to her is not required), but according to Sikainga, in reality this was not always practiced and female slaves were targeted by other men of the master's household. [77] Some scholars recommended holding a wedding banquet (walima) to celebrate the concubinage relationship; however, this is not required in teachings of Islam and is rather the self-preferred opinions of certain non-liberal Islamic scholars. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [35] The Annals of Ulster depicts raptio and states that in 821 the Vikings plundered an Irish village and "carried off a great number of women into captivity". { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { [citation needed] The zhai dou (Chinese: 宅斗,residential intrigue) and gong dou (Chinese: 宫斗,harem intrigue) genres show concubines and wives, as well as their children, scheming secretly to gain power. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, CONCUBINAGE IN ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND* In an interesting footnote to an article on the confrontation between the Christian church and Anglo-Saxon society, Eric John made the following suggestion: "The evidence [concerning spurious monastic communities] suggests that the pagan English were polygynous and continued to be so for some time after the conversion . Concubines sometimes wielded significant influence. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, pbjs.que.push(function() { "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, storage: { Virtues, behavior, character, appearance and body condition were the selection criteria. "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", Unofficial concubines (Chinese: 婢妾; pinyin: bì qiè) were of lower status, and their children were considered illegitimate. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); [5] Many societies automatically freed the concubine after she had a child. . 'increment': 0.05, concubinage . "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=concubinage&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", } A request for forty concubines by Amenhotep III (c. 1386-1353 BCE) to a man named Milkilu, Prince of Gezer states: "Behold, I have sent you Hanya, the commissioner of the archers, with merchandise in order to have beautiful concubines, i.e. Indeed, such thinkers argued that commoners may not engage in any type of sexual relations outside of a marriage. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); ", Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body, Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2003, 71–97. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); This arrangement would allow the pharaoh to enter into diplomatic marriages with the daughters of allies, as was the custom of ancient kings. } pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; Übersetzung Französisch-Englisch für concubinage im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! The position of the concubine was generally inferior to that of the wife. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, Improve your vocabulary with English … concubinage concubinary • concubine concupiscence concupiscent concupiscible concur concur with sb. Yanagihara Naruko, a high-ranking concubine of Emperor Meiji, gave birth to Emperor Taishō, who was later legally adopted by Empress Haruko, Emperor Meiji's formal wife. [115], In some context, the institution of concubinage diverged from a free quasi-marital cohabitation to the extent that it was forbidden to a free woman to be involved in a concubinage and the institution was reserved only to slaves. 'min': 3.05, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; [64][65] Since it was regarded as the highest blessing to have many children, wives often gave their maids to their husbands if they were barren, as in the cases of Sarah and Hagar, and Rachel and Bilhah. concubinage in English translation and definition "concubinage", Dictionary English-English online. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, [88] These opinions of Sikaingia are controversial and contested. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Concubinage was highly popular before the early 20th century all over East Asia. concubinage Übersetzung, Franzosisch - Englisch Wörterbuch, Siehe auch , biespiele, konjugation When a merchant's daughter married a samurai, her family's money erased the samurai's debts, and the samurai's social status improved the standing of the merchant family. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, She is amenable to returning with him, and the father-in-law is very welcoming. var dfpSlots = {}; The group pass up a nearby non-Israelite town to arrive very late in the city of Gibeah, which is in the land of the Benjaminites. A relationship of concubinage can take place voluntarily, due to the lack of the parties involved to enter into a full marriage, or involuntarily (e.g. [48], An examination of concubinage features in one of the Four Great Classical Novels, Dream of the Red Chamber (believed to be a semi-autobiographical account of author Cao Xueqin's family life). Polygyny and concubinage were very common in Mongol society, especially for powerful Mongol men. Even though the woman would not be a legal wife, a situation normally considered a demotion, many wealthy merchants believed that being the concubine of a samurai was superior to being the legal wife of a commoner. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, ", "Sex Slaves – The Dirty Secret Behind The Founding of Iceland", "Kinder, Gentler Vikings? [32][33][34] The concept was expressed in the 11th century by historian Dudo of Saint-Quentin in his semi imaginary History of The Normans. Übersetzung für 'concubinage' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); of Religion, College of William and Mary, 1999, Nicholas Clapp, Sheba: Through the Desert in Search of the Legendary Queen, p.297, Houghton Mifflin, 2002. Attempts have been initiated to popularise pilegesh as a form of premarital, non-marital or extramarital relationship (which, according to the perspective of the enacting person(s), is permitted by Jewish law). In ancient times, two sources for concubines were permitted under an Islamic regime. dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); Does the Qur'an permit sex outside marriage with female slaves? From 1662 the Colony of Virginia, followed by others, incorporated into law the principle that children took their mother's status, i.e., the principle of partus sequitur ventrem. concubinage n. cohabitation. / ˈkɑːn.kjə.baɪn / a woman who, in some societies, lives and has sex with a man she is not married to, and has a lower social rank than his wife or wives Want to learn more? According to Shia Muslims, Muhammad sanctioned Nikah mut‘ah (fixed-term marriage, called muta'a in Iraq and sigheh in Iran), which has instead been used as a legitimizing cover for sex workers in a culture where prostitution is otherwise forbidden. [26][27][28][29] Polygynous relationships in Viking society may have led to a shortage of eligible women for the average male, this is because polygyny increases male-male competition in society because it creates a pool of unmarried men who are willing to engage in risky status-elevating and sex seeking behaviors. Joseon monarchs had a harem which contained concubines of different ranks. From the Eastern Han period (AD 25–220) onward, the number of concubines a man could have was limited by law. In places like China and the Muslim world, the concubine of a king could achieve power, especially if her son also became a monarch. The host offers to send out his virgin daughter as well as the Levite's concubine for them to rape, to avoid breaking guest right towards the Levite. Kidnapping a concubine, although common in fiction, would have been shameful, if not criminal. If a samurai's commoner concubine gave birth to a son, the son could inherit his father's social status. [115] A third class of free people of color developed, especially in New Orleans. ", "PILEGESH (Hebrew, ; comp. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, "error": true, [107] Concubines constituted both female slaves and former slaves. [7], In general, marriage was monogamous. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, en.wiktionary.org. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "concubinage"); In most of the cases the man has an official wife and one or more concubines. "authorizationFallbackResponse": { The crime is considered outrageous by the Israelite tribesmen, who then wreak total retribution on the men of Gibeah, as well as the surrounding tribe of Benjamin when they support the Gibeans, killing them without mercy and burning all their towns. nm (DROIT) cohabitation. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = concubinage"); [21] The term describes a wide range of situations, from simple sexual slavery to quasi-marriage. name: "_pubcid", Concubinage resembled marriage in that concubines were recognized sexual partners of a man and were expected to bear children for him. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, Translation of Concubinage in English. iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); This woman, however, remained a slave and never gained the status of a second wife. [108], Relationships with slaves in the United States and Confederate States were sometimes euphemistically referred to as concubinary. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, [12], In Ancient Greece the practice of keeping a concubine (Ancient Greek: παλλακίς pallakís) was common among the upper classes, and they were for the most part women who were slaves or foreigners, but occasional free born based on family arrangements (typically from poor families). { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, In the story, the Levite appears to be an ordinary member of the tribe, whose concubine was a woman from Bethlehem in Judah. [79] Islam furthermore endorsed educating,[80] freeing or marrying female slaves if they embrace Islam abandoning polytheism or infidelity. [77] While scholars exhorted masters to treat their slaves equally, a master was allowed to show favoritism towards a concubine. Concubinage (/kənˈkjuːbɪnɪdʒ/ kəng-KYOO-bih-nij) is an interpersonal and sexual relationship between a man and a woman in which the couple does not want to or cannot enter into a full marriage. On the other hand, it was seen as comparable to, Marriage, with its legal commitments, is primarily associated with property and social position and a common law, It goes without saying that arguing about the home also meant arguing about women's status in it, legal rights, and. [18], A concubinatus (Latin for "concubinage" – see also concubina, "concubine", considered milder than paelex, and concubinus, "bridegroom") was an institution of quasi-marriage between Roman citizens who for various reasons did not want to enter into a full marriage. Such concubinage was practiced in patriarchal cultures throughout history.[5]. For example, Jang Nok-su was a concubine-born daughter of a mayor, who was initially married to a slave-servant, and later became a high-ranking concubine of Yeonsangun. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [41] A concubine's treatment and situation was variable and was influenced by the social status of the male to whom she was attached, as well as the attitude of his wife. ", "Viking raiders were only trying to win their future wives' hearts", "New Viking Study Points to "Love and Marriage" as the Main Reason for their Raids", "Top 10 Chinese entertainment events in 2012 (7) - People's Daily Online", "PILEGESH (Hebrew, ; comp. [43], The position of the concubine was generally inferior to that of the wife. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); Many translated example sentences containing "concubinage" – English-French dictionary and search engine for English translations. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und … The Joseon dynasty established in 1392 debated whether the children of a free parent and a slave parent should be considered free or slave. magglingen.ch. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, During the Old Assyrian Period, Assyrian marriages were generally monogamous. See also: concubin, conçu, concierge, confiance. [61] Among the Israelites, men commonly acknowledged their concubines, and such women enjoyed the same rights in the house as legitimate wives. "login": { Children of concubines often had lower value in account of marriage. Foster, Thomas A. [13] Children produced by slaves remained slaves and those by non-slave concubines varied over time; sometimes they had the possibility of citizenship. magglingen.ch. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für concubine im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Deutschwörterbuch). [20] However it differed from a contubernium, where at least one of the partners was a slave. In the morning, the Levite finds her when he tries to leave. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, In total: forty concubines – the price of every concubine is forty of silver. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-mcp"); [63] In the Levitical code, sexual intercourse between a man and a wife of a different man was forbidden and punishable by death for both persons involved. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Murat Iyigun, "Lessons From the Ottoman Harem on Culture, Religion & Wars", University of Colorado, 2011, "Sexual Relations Between Elite White Women and Enslaved Men in the Antebellum South: A Socio-Historical Analysis", J. M. Allain, Inquiries Journal, 2013, Vol. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, [113] This led to generations of multiracial slaves, some of whom were otherwise considered legally white (one-eighth or less African, equivalent to a great-grandparent) before the American Civil War. Translate.com. In many cases, taking a concubine was akin to a marriage. [11] Concubinage was a common occupation for women in ancient Egypt, especially for talented women. If the concubine was a commoner, a messenger was sent with betrothal money or a note for exemption of tax to ask for her parents' acceptance. When slavery became institutionalized in Colonial America, white men, whether or not they were married, sometimes took enslaved women as concubines; children of such unions remained slaves. Found 10 words that start with concubi. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, "loggedIn": false In present-day English, the term "concubine" typically refers either to a sex slave or a mistress. Concubinage is an interpersonal and sexual relationship between a man and a woman in which the couple does not want to or cannot enter into a full marriage. iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, type: "cookie", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, In Judaism, concubines are referred to by the Hebrew term pilegesh (Hebrew: פילגש‎). Many translated example sentences containing "concubinage" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. var pbDesktopSlots = [ The main function of concubinage was producing additional heirs, as well as bringing males pleasure. European men took enslaved or free women of color as mistresses after making arrangements to give them a dowry, house or other transfer of property, and sometimes, if they were enslaved, offering freedom and education for their children. [9][10] "If a man veils his concubine in public, by declaring 'she is my wife,' this woman shall be his wife. [40] The purchase of concubine was similar to the purchase of a slave, yet concubines had a higher social status. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, 'increment': 0.5, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, userIds: [{ [92] According to Zeyno Baran, this kind of temporary marriage provides Shi'ite men with a religiously sanctioned equivalent to prostitution. googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; Sikainiga writes that one rationale for concubinage in Islam was that "it satisfied the sexual desire of the female slaves and thereby prevented the spread of immorality in the Muslim community. concubinage ( uncountable) noun. [94] These views are contested by others, who hold that mut'ah is a temporary wedlock option in Islam for avoiding illegal sex relations among those Muslims whose marriage is legitimate but, for certain constraints, they are unable to avail it. It became permissible to promote a concubine to wife, if the original wife had died and the concubine was the mother of the only surviving sons. [115] Today, descendants of the free people of color are generally called Louisiana Creole people. concurred concurrence concurrence of will : Kennst du Übersetzungen, die noch nicht in diesem Wörterbuch enthalten sind? [24] Researchers have suggested that Vikings may have originally started sailing and raiding due to a need to seek out women from foreign lands. }, 'min': 31, 'min': 8.50, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); [77] Even the Arabic term for concubine surriyya may have been derived from sarat meaning "eminence", indicating the concubine's higher status over other female slaves. There are instances of wife's eloping with their Rajput lovers and becoming their concubines. iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); cohabitation without being legally married. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, [101] dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Mut'Ah is legalised prostitution which has been concubinage in english by the other tribes, an extra-marital sexual in... Men under American slavery '' authoritative translations of French words and phrases ]... 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