In domestic policy, Merkel's "Energiewende" program has focused on future energy development, seeking to phase out nuclear power in Germany, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and increase renewable energy sources. The wording was criticised as undemocratic, as any discussion on Merkel's politics would thus be deemed unnecessary or undesirable. ", "Angela Merkel 'world's most powerful woman, "Why Angela Merkel is TIME's Person of the Year", "As Obama Exits World Stage, Angela Merkel May Be the Liberal West's Last Defender", "German Chancellor Angela Merkel, the newly christened 'leader of the free world' is preparing to step back from politics – and experts say 'the coming storm is ... quite powerful, "For years, Angela Merkel saw off all challengers.  At the Academy of Sciences, she became a member of its FDJ secretariat. for her thesis on quantum chemistry in 1986, she worked as a researcher and published several papers.  Although Merkel's standing recovered after she distanced herself from Kirchhof's proposals, she remained considerably less popular than Schröder, and the CDU's lead was down to 9% on the eve of the election. Kauder widerspricht Merkel", "Kauder: 'Der Islam gehört nicht zu Deutschland, "Trump Goes His Own Way as G-7 Cobbles Together an Awkward Truce", "Germany's reluctance to speak out against China", "Merkel is under pressure to cut Germany's ties with China as the Hong Kong crisis triggers a European backlash against Beijing", "China Is Merkel's Biggest Failure in Office", "China, Germany tight ties will face post-Merkel test", "The many faces of Angela Merkel: 26 years of photographing the German chancellor", "Decades of yearly portraits show how power has transformed Angela Merkel", "See the Best of Kate McKinnon's Hilarious Angela Merkel Impression", "True total hottie Frau": Die bislang beste Merkel – Parodie kommt von der BBC, "Angela Merkel: The Unexpected – Angela Merkel – Die Unerwartete (2016) (In Dutch)", Official Website of Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, "Angela Merkel collected news and commentary", Chair of the CDU/CSU Bundestag Parliamentary Group, Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Association of Christian Democratic Students, Christian Democratic Employees' Association, Members of the 12th Bundestag (1990-1994), Members of the 13th Bundestag (1994-1998), Members of the 14th Bundestag (1998-2002), Members of the 15th Bundestag (2002-2005), Members of the 16th Bundestag (2005-2009), Members of the 17th Bundestag (2009–2013), Members of the 18th Bundestag (2013-2017), Current members of the Bundestag (2017-2021), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Angela_Merkel&oldid=1002378010, Christian Democratic Union of Germany politicians, Grand Crosses 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Members of the Bundestag for Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Ministers for children, young people and families, Recipients of the Order of the Sun of Peru, Recipients of the Presidential Medal of Distinction of Israel, Women federal government ministers of Germany, Members of the Bundestag for the Christian Democratic Union of Germany, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles to be expanded from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles to be expanded from September 2020, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from September 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  Other European governments eventually either raised the limits or promised to guarantee savings in full.. She was subsequently outmaneuvered politically by CSU Leader Edmund Stoiber, to whom she eventually ceded the privilege of challenging Schröder. “What is happening is wrong. The successful candidate might replace Chancellor Angela Merkel after elections this fall. Anyone who doesn't accept that is in the wrong place here". , In July 2014 Merkel said trust between Germany and the United States could only be restored by talks between the two, and she would seek to have talks. Merkel is in favour of a "mandatory solidarity mechanism" for relocation of asylum-seekers from Italy and Greece to other EU member states as part of the long-term solution to Europe's migrants crisis..  In 1986, she was able to travel freely to West Germany to attend a congress; she also participated in a multi-week language course in Donetsk, in the then-Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. This view was confirmed when Kramp-Karrenbauer – widely seen as the chancellor's favourite for the post – was voted to succeed Merkel as leader of the CDU in December 2018.  At the 2017 federal election, Merkel led the CDU to become the largest party for the fourth time, and was sworn in for a joint-record fourth term as Chancellor on 14 March 2018. Russian President Vladimir Putin and German Chancellor Angela Merkel discussed the possibility of jointly producing coronavirus vaccines in a phone call, the Kremlin said Tuesday.  An August 2011 poll found her coalition had only 36% support compared to a rival potential coalition's 51%.  The result was so close, both Schröder and Merkel claimed victory. , On the British sketch-comedy Tracey Ullman's Show, comedian Tracey Ullman has parodied Merkel to international acclaim with German media dubbing her impersonation as the best spoof of Merkel in the world. Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, Angela Merkel's chosen successor, resigned as radical parties are gaining traction. , One of Merkel's priorities was strengthening transatlantic economic relations. Germans will vote for a new chancellor in September—and they might be voting for a new future too.  Merkel entered politics in the wake of the Revolutions of 1989, briefly serving as deputy spokesperson for the first democratically elected East German Government led by Lothar de Maizière. Such an initiative was unprecedented in the GDR of that period, and initially resisted by the University; however, with backing of the local leadership of the SED party, the project was allowed to proceed. German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s center-right party, the Christian Democratic Union, CDU, is choosing a new leader on the weekend Saturday Jan. 16 … At the World Economic Forum in Davos, 2013, she said that Europe had only 7% of the global population and produced only 25% of the global GDP, but that it accounted for almost 50% of global social expenditure.  Neither the SPD-Green coalition nor the CDU/CSU and its preferred coalition partners, the Free Democratic Party, held enough seats to form a majority in the Bundestag. The third Cabinet of Angela Merkel was sworn in on 17 December 2013. Hey there, Rob. In 2014 she became the longest-serving incumbent head of government in the European Union. She criticised the government's support for the accession of Turkey to the European Union and favoured a "privileged partnership" instead. The Atlantic described her in 2019 as "the world's most successful living politician, on the basis of both achievement and longevity". The coalition's intent was to cut public spending whilst increasing VAT (from 16 to 19%), social insurance contributions and the top rate of income tax. Until recently, she was widely admired for her support of human rights. , Following the G7 Summit in Italy and the NATO Summit in Brussels, Merkel stated on 28 May 2017 that the US was no longer the reliable partner Europe and Germany had depended on in the past.  The expression is credited for the name of the political party Alternative for Germany, which was founded in 2013. , On 30 May 2005, Merkel won the CDU/CSU nomination as challenger to Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of the SPD in the 2005 national elections. She went on to say that Europe could only maintain its prosperity by being innovative and measuring itself against the best. This term was overshadowed by the European debt crisis.  On 26 March 2014, Merkel became the longest-serving incumbent head of government in the European Union. Some idiot at Breitbart comments on this. German Chancellor Angela Merkel talks to the media during a press conference on the current situation in Berlin, Germany, Thursday, Jan. 21, 2021. Her paternal grandfather, Ludwik Kasner, was a German policeman of Polish ethnicity, who had taken part in Poland's struggle for independence in the early 20th century.  A member of the Christian Democratic Union, Merkel is the first female chancellor of Germany. The following day, Merkel stated that the government would guarantee private savings account deposits, after all. ", Among others, in her speech on the occasion of her honorary doctoral degree at the. She reiterated the U.S. remained Germany's most important ally. Angela Merkel A ngela Merkel, the German chancellor, has deployed a fail-safe political weapon as campaigning intensifies ahead of German elections: sharing her recipe for potato soup. The issues are in conflict between the CSU who favoured those new measures and threatened to leave the coalition without them, and the SPD who opposes them; Merkel agreed to the measures.  After one such occasion she attributed the shaking to dehydration, saying that she felt better after a drink of water. A digital conference of 1,001 delegates will elect the new leader of the ruling conservative CDU this weekend. The English pronunciation of her first name could be, The medal is presented to people who have made an especially meritorious contribution to the security or national interests of the United States, world peace, or cultural or other significant public or private endeavors, Grüne/Bündnis 90 Spokesman Renate Künast: "I wouldn't have done it", said Green Party floor leader Renate Künast. Political parties form colorful spectrum in Germany A history of Germany's postwar elections For a long time, the German political palette was dominated by black, red, and yellow. The diplomatic visit took place to discuss how their governments could improve conditions which caused people to flee those countries and how illegal migration through and from these countries could be reduced. Unfortunately, 2020 has shown her to be a great disappointment here, signing a major trade deal with China despite its already terrible human rights record hitting rock bottom under Winnie the Pooh Xi Jinping. ", Merkel has faced criticism for failing to take a tough line on the People's Republic of China. , In June 2018, Merkel said that there had been "no moral or political justification" for the post-war expulsion of ethnic Germans from Central and Eastern European countries. In the spring of 2003, defying strong public opposition, Merkel came out in favour of the U.S. invasion of Iraq, describing it as "unavoidable" and accusing Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of anti-Americanism. , In the 2017 election, Merkel led her party to victory for the fourth time. Merkel obtained a doctorate in quantum chemistry in 1986,  and worked as a research chemist until about 1989  when she entered politics. According to her personal statements, Sarrazin's approach is "totally unacceptable" and counterproductive to the ongoing problems of integration. A member of the Christian Democratic Union, Merkel is the first female chancellor of Germany.  However, Merkel has denied this claim and stated that she was secretary for culture, which involved activities like obtaining theatre tickets and organising talks by visiting Soviet authors. [b], Merkel has been widely described as the de facto leader of the European Union throughout her tenure as Chancellor. German Chancellor Angela Merkel said Thursday there was far more common ground to work together with Washington now that Joe Biden has replaced Donald Trump in the White House. Following a party funding scandal that compromised many leading figures of the CDU – including Kohl himself and his successor as CDU Leader, Wolfgang Schäuble – Merkel criticised her former mentor publicly and advocated a fresh start for the party without him.. , Merkel supported a substantial reform agenda for Germany's economic and social system, and was considered more pro-market than her own party (the CDU). German Chancellor Angela Merkel is seen on a screen, making a statement on the events in Washington with the storming of the Capitol by Trump supporters at the beginning of the digital press conference at the winter retreat of the CSU parliamentary group in the Bundestag, Berlin, Germany, Thursday, Jan. 7, 2021. , Merkel is a fervent football fan and has been known to listen to games while in the Bundestag and to attend games of the national team in her official capacity.  Merkel's paternal grandfather was originally Catholic but the entire family converted to Lutheranism during the childhood of her father, who later studied Lutheran theology in Heidelberg and Hamburg. , Upon the election of Donald Trump Merkel said that "Germany and America are tied by values of democracy, freedom and respect for the law and human dignity, independent of origin, skin colour, religion, gender, sexual orientation or political views. " Seehofer attacked Merkel policies in sharp language, threatened to sue the government in the high court, and hinted that the CSU might topple Merkel. Mrs Merkel never tires of saying that Europe has 7% of the world's population, 25% of its GDP and 50% of its social spending. Those parties are - by and large - likely to be relieved by Mrs Merkel's decision. She was the Leader of the Opposition from 2002 to 2005. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. , After the Kohl Government was defeated at the 1998 election, Merkel was appointed Secretary-General of the CDU, a key position as the party was no longer part of the federal government. , During the financial crisis of 2007–2008, the German government stepped in to assist the mortgage company Hypo Real Estate with a bailout, which was agreed on 6 October, with German banks to contribute €30 billion and the Bundesbank €20 billion to a credit line. The second Cabinet of Angela Merkel was sworn in on 28 October 2009. ... government from the fragmented political spectrum … She stated that she does not plan to seek any political office after this. Over the weekend, her party chose a new leader and possible successor to her. Angela Dorothea Merkel (née Kasner; born 17 July 1954) is a German politician who has been Chancellor of Germany since 2005.  He married Merkel's grandmother Margarethe, a German from Berlin, and relocated to her hometown where he worked in the police.  However, with their preferred coalition partner, the FDP, failing to enter parliament for the first time since 1949, being below the minimum of 5% of votes required to enter parliament.  At an electoral rally in Munich, she said that "We have to know that we must fight for our future on our own, for our destiny as Europeans", which has been interpreted as an unprecedented shift in the German-American transatlantic relationship. BERLIN (AP) — Chancellor Angela Merkel’s center-right party chose Armin Laschet, the pragmatic governor of Germany’s most populous state, as its new leader Saturday. University of Technology in Wrocław (Poland) in September 2008, On 23 May 2013, she was awarded an honorary doctorate from the, In November 2014, she was awarded the title Doctor Honoris Causa by, In September 2015, she was awarded the title Doctor Honoris Causa by the, In January 2017, she was awarded the title Doctor Honoris Causa jointly by, In May 2017, Merkel was awarded the title of Doctrix Honoris Causa by the, In May 2019, Merkel was awarded an honorary doctorate from, On 16 June 2010, the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies at. She served as Leader of the Opposition from 2002 to 2005 and as Leader of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 2000 to 2018.  In September 2015, enthusiastic crowds across the country welcomed arriving refugees and migrants. In June 2008, she was awarded an honorary doctorate from Leipzig University. In March 2018, the CSU's Horst Seehofer took over the role of Interior Minister. , In October 2016, Merkel travelled to Mali and Niger. , In October 2015, Horst Seehofer, Bavarian State Premier and CSU leader, criticised Merkel's policy of allowing in hundreds of thousands of migrants from the Middle East: "We're now in a state of mind without rules, without system and without order because of a German decision. Angela Merkel's party demands new vote after regional politician is elected with support from far-right AfD in move that has shocked Germany ... People from across the political spectrum …  Merkel has been widely described as the de facto leader of the European Union, the most powerful woman in the world and by many commentators since 2016 as the "leader of the free world".. The resignations followed October setbacks for the CSU in the Bavarian state election and for the CDU in the Hessian state election. If the region is to prosper in competition with emerging countries, it cannot continue to be so generous. KELLY: All right. Merkel is the first woman to be elected chancellor, and the first chancellor since German reunification to have been raised in the former East Germany. Merkel's foreign policy has focused on strengthening European cooperation and international trade agreements. The political center of Europe is so far to the left of the American center that the Democrats would be considered a right wing party In Europe. Political parties form colorful spectrum in Germany A history of Germany's postwar elections For a long time, the German political palette was dominated by black, red, and yellow. Separate conferences of the CDU, CSU, and SPD approved the proposed Cabinet on 14 November 2005. , On 4 October 2008, following the Irish Government's decision to guarantee all deposits in private savings accounts, a move she strongly criticised, Merkel said there were no plans for the German Government to do the same. She has two younger siblings, Marcus Kasner, a physicist, and Irene Kasner, an occupational therapist. BBC: Germany's Central Muslim Council (Zentralrat der Muslime in Deutschland) criticised Mrs. Merkel for attending the award ceremony. "Here we have the situation where six members, or even seven if you want to add the EU, stand against one. The EKBO is a church of the Union of Evangelical Churches. After all, today’s Christian Democratic Union is deeply divided.  Chancellor Merkel insisted that Germany has the economic strength to cope with the influx of migrants and reiterated that there is no legal maximum limit on the number of migrants Germany can take. , In June 2017, Merkel criticized the draft of new U.S. sanctions against Russia that target EU–Russia energy projects, including Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline.  Membership was nominally voluntary, but those who did not join found it difficult to gain admission to higher education. However, the CDU/CSU campaign suffered when Merkel, having made economic competence central to the CDU's platform, confused gross and net income twice during a televised debate. Angela Merkel says opening borders to refugees is the right thing to do, The gay men turning to the far right in Germany, EU and China approve major investment deal, https://rationalwiki.org/w/index.php?title=Angela_Merkel&oldid=2270222. In addition to being the first female German chancellor, the first to have grown up in the former East Germany (though she was born in the West), and the youngest German chancellor since the Second World War, Merkel is also the first born after World War II, and the first chancellor of the Federal Republic with a background in natural sciences.  The November 2015 Paris attacks prompted a reevaluation of German officials' stance on the EU's policy toward migrants. In a paper published on December 31st in PLOS One, an international team of researchers in political science, government, and social work argues that “country cultural values offer [a] more substantive explanation for COVID-19 outcomes” in nations that happen to be led by women.  During this time, she participated in several compulsory courses on Marxism-Leninism with her grades only being regarded as "sufficient".  She regained some momentum after she announced that she would appoint Paul Kirchhof, a former judge at the German Constitutional Court and leading fiscal policy expert, as Minister of Finance. The marriage ended in divorce in 1982. The pick suggests the party favors continuing with German Chancellor Angela Merkel's middle-of-the-road policies when she steps down in September after 16 years in office. Merkel is highly popular in Germany despite the rise of the alt-right, and Trump’s stand against Germans has led to unfavorable views of America in Germany. The potency and political breadth of Saturday’s demonstration (dubbed “The end of the pandemic — day of freedom," by its organizers) rattled political leaders.  At the same time she condemned a planned burning of Qurans by a fundamental pastor in Florida.  Merkel feared that unilaterally sending migrants back to neighbouring countries without seeking a multilateral European agreement could endanger the stability of the European Union. With Merkel due to leave office next year and a change of coalition likely, there is a growing sense that a more hawkish stance from Berlin has become inevitable. Friedrich Merz is the most conservative of the three and represents those within the party who accuse Chancellor Merkel of having pushed the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU) too much towards the left of the political spectrum.  That year, nearly 1.1 million asylum seekers entered Germany. China afterwards cancelled separate talks with German officials, including talks with Justice Minister Brigitte Zypries. , In foreign policy, Merkel has emphasized international cooperation, both in the context of the European Union and NATO, and strengthening transatlantic economic relations. , When announcing the coalition agreement, Merkel stated that the main aim of her government would be to reduce unemployment, and that it was this issue on which her government would be judged. The potency and political breadth of Saturday’s demonstration (dubbed “The end of the pandemic — day of freedom," by its organizers) rattled political leaders. Over the past year, views on China have hardened across the German political spectrum. , Merkel and the CDU lost ground after Kirchhof proposed the introduction of a flat tax in Germany, again undermining the party's broad appeal on economic affairs and convincing many voters that the CDU's platform of deregulation was designed to benefit only the rich.  Obama's farewell visit to Berlin in November 2016 was widely interpreted as the passing of the torch of global liberal leadership to Merkel as Merkel was seen by many as the new standard bearer of liberal democracy since the election of Donald Trump as U.S. Angela Merkel is the current Chancellor of Germany.Merkel obtained a doctorate in quantum chemistry in 1986, and worked as a research chemist until about 1989 when she entered politics.. With her in charge the CDU has resisted the right-wing populist wave that has gripped so many other conservative parties. Though everyone knew he was a Merkel-ite moderate, the cabinet he put together reflected the full spectrum of views in the CDU. ... the political … , The CDU/CSU turned to the SPD to form the third grand coalition in postwar German history and the second under Merkel's leadership. Both CDU/CSU and SPD received a significantly lower proportion of the vote than they did in the 2013 election, and attempted to form a coalition with the FDP and Greens. Though everyone knew he was a Merkel-ite moderate, the cabinet he put together reflected the full spectrum of views in the CDU. These developments prompted debates over the reasons for increased right-wing populism in Germany. German Chancellor Angela Merkel takes off a face mask as she attends a news conference on further coronavirus measures, at the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany, Tuesday Jan. 19, 2021. She's stepping down at the end of this year. She negotiated a stimulus package in 2008 focusing on infrastructure spending and public investment to counteract the Great Recession. The leading characters in the drama: Angela Merkel, Viktor Orbán, Mateusz Morawiecki, and Mark Rutte Next, I would like to quote Ildikó Lendvai , a politically savvy, formerly prominent MSZP politician, who since her retirement has been the author of many political analyses. , Merkel compared the NSA to the Stasi when it became known that her mobile phone was tapped by that agency. Angela Dorothea Merkel (née Kasner; born 17 July 1954) is a German politician who has been Chancellor of Germany since 2005. As one of Kohl's protégées and his youngest Cabinet Minister, she was frequently referred to by Kohl as "mein Mädchen" ("my girl"). She hosted the twelfth meeting at the 2017 G20 Hamburg summit. , During the German presidency of the european council Merkel not only changed her mind, but spearheaded negotiating a reconstruction package for the time after the pandemic..  In 2018, Merkel was named the most powerful woman in the world for a record fourteenth time by Forbes. ANGELA MERKEL reportedly rejected Boris Johnson's new deal during a dramatic phone call yesterday, sparking anger among eurosceptics and Brexiteers. On 28 November 2012, she received the Heinz Galinski Award in Berlin, Germany.  Meanwhile, Yasmin Fahimi, secretary-general of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), the junior partner of the ruling coalition, praised Merkel's policy allowing migrants in Hungary to enter Germany as "a strong signal of humanity to show that Europe's values are valid also in difficult times". , In 2016, a documentary film Angela Merkel – The Unexpected, a story about her unexpected rise to power from an East German physicist to the most powerful woman in the world, was produced by Broadview TV and MDR in collaboration with Arte and Das Erste.  Since then, this comparison has become a central element in major speeches. While Chancellor Schröder made clear he would not join the war in Iraq, Merkel and the CDU-CSU supported the invasion of Iraq. , In the election of September 2013, Merkel won one of the most decisive victories in German history, achieving the best result for the CDU/CSU since reunification and coming within five seats of the first absolute majority in the Bundestag since 1957. , In recognition of the importance of China to the German economy, by 2014 Merkel had led seven trade delegations to China since assuming office in 2005. The pick suggests the party favors continuing with German Chancellor Angela Merkel's middle-of-the-road policies when she steps down in September after 16 years in office. In April 1990, Democratic Awakening merged with the East German Christian Democratic Union, which in turn merged with its western counterpart after reunification. , "Merkel" redirects here.  According to a poll conducted after terror attacks in Germany Merkel's approval rating dropped to 47% (August 2016). Literature argued that the increased right-wing preferences are a result of the European migrant crisis which has brought thousands of people, predominantly from Muslim countries to Germany, and spurred a perception among a share of Germans that refugees constitute an ethnic and cultural threat to Germany..  Merkel insisted that Germany had the economic strength to cope with the influx of migrants and reiterated that there is no legal maximum limit on the number of migrants Germany can take. , On the American sketch-comedy Saturday Night Live, she has been parodied by Kate McKinnon since 2013. The leading characters in the drama: Angela Merkel, Viktor Orbán, Mateusz Morawiecki, and Mark Rutte Next, I would like to quote Ildikó Lendvai , a politically savvy, formerly prominent MSZP politician, who since her retirement has been the author of many political analyses. 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